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Are you an owl or a lark? This is how circadian rhythms affect sport

Although the most frequent is to belong to the chronotype intermediate, the proportion of owls (evening) or larks (morning) is not negligible, so a coach who knows the biological rhythms of your athletes can develop techniques that optimize their performance and thereby obtain a competitive advantage, as revealed by Juan Antonio Madrid

, Professor of Physiology and director of the Laboratory of Chronobiology and Sleep at the University of Murcia. In fact, one of the implications of the chronotype in sport has to do with competition schedules. Thus, the Cardiac rhtyms they are especially relevant in exercises of high intensity and short duration.

In these cases, the maximum strength is reached in the afternoon (from 4 to 8 p.m.), while in long-term tests with an extreme rise in temperature, a better mark is achieved in the morning. The same happens with the challenges that involve high visual-motor coordination, since the best record is given with a low heart rate, as it happens in the morning.

The maximum strength will be reached in the afternoon.

Regarding the sessions trainingthe Professor of Physical Education, Felipe Isidro , specifies that the exercise carried out in the afternoon is more efficient because the oxygen consumption is greater, higher levels of force and of cardiorespiratory endurance and the body temperature is higher. In addition, practicing sports in the evening can help to release stress. Of course, Isidro qualifies that when the objective is not sports performance but fat reduction or improvement of the sleep cycle, it is convenient to train in the morning. The most technical practices should also be in the morning, which require coordinationbecause it is the moment in which greater attention is achieved.

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