Baby Care

How to manage gestational diabetes for expectant mothers

TIMESOFINDIA.COM | Last updated on – Nov 18, 2023, 23:00 IST

​All about gestational diabetes

One common concern for pregnant women is the risk of gestational diabetes, which has implications for the baby’s health. Here, Dr. Abhishek Kulkarni, Consultant – Pediatric Endocrinology, NHSRCC Hospital shares a few essential tips for expectant mothers with diabetes to effectively manage their health.

​What is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes occurs when blood sugar levels rise during pregnancy, impacting both the mother and her unborn child. The baby may be at a higher risk of developing metabolic deviations in early neonatal life and even diabetes and metabolic syndrome later in life.


Maintain a healthy diet

Eating a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial during pregnancy, especially for diabetic mothers. Focus on whole grains, lean proteins, and plenty of vegetables to help control blood sugar levels and provide essential nutrients for the baby.

​Regular exercise

Engaging in regular, safe exercise helps manage diabetes during pregnancy. Consult your doctor to inquire about permissible and safe exercises during pregnancy.

​Monitor blood sugar levels

For diabetic mothers, monitoring blood sugar levels is paramount. Consistent monitoring ensures that you can take immediate action if levels become elevated, reducing the risk of complications for your newborn.

​Medication and insulin management

Some diabetic mothers require medications or insulin administration during pregnancy. Appropriate management, in consultation with your healthcare team, is essential to safeguard your baby’s health.

Breastfeeding and early nutrition

Breastfeeding is highly recommended, as it provides essential nutrients and immune support for your newborn. It also reduces the risk of diabetes in the baby later in life. Ensure your diet supports lactation and consult with a lactation specialist for guidance.


​Regular medical check-ups

Frequent prenatal check-ups are crucial when the mother has diabetes. These appointments allow your doctor to monitor both your health and your baby’s in utero development closely.

​The future of your baby’s health

While gestational diabetes is concerning, with the right care and proactive measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of deviations in your newborn’s health. It’s essential to collaborate closely with your healthcare providers to create a personalized plan that ensures the well-being of both you and your child.
Your commitment to a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy would make a significant impact on safeguarding the health of your newborn. As they rightly say, “Prevention is better than cure.”


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