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What are the benefits of running on a treadmill and differences with doing it outdoors

ANDThese are the differences between running on the street or on the treadmill

muscle activation

One of the biggest differences between running outside or on a treadmill is in the number of muscles you activate. Running on a flat surface in a straight line, like on a treadmill, doesn’t activate or strengthen the same muscles you use when dodging people on sidewalks, running up and down curbs, around obstacles, and running over uneven surfaces.

This increases the risk of injury when running on a treadmill for two reasons. The first is because you overload the same muscles and bones by always running in the same way for long periods. The second is because when you return to running outdoors, you may not have the muscular state necessary to overcome obstacles along the way.


It’s a common misconception that pounding the pavement is bad for your bones and joints. But it’s not like that. A study from the University of Missouri shows that running outside can be even more beneficial for your bones than resistance training. The reason is that running on firm surfaces like concrete and asphalt creates ground reaction forces that strengthen your bones.

That being said, if you suffer from impact-related injuries from running, such as shin splints and plantar fasciitis, running on the treadmill is best for you. Treadmills are designed to absorb ground reaction forces. So while running on the treadmill doesn’t strengthen your bones in the same way as running outside, it does reduce the impact on your joints if you’re concerned about injuries.

The technique

An interesting fact is that a runner’s form or technique is often the same when running on the treadmill or on the street. Wherever they run, it takes a typical runner 4-6 minutes to adjust to their natural gait. Once that point is reached, the running technique is the same both indoors and outdoors.

The only difference is that, on the treadmill, runners tend to increase their stride length and slightly lower their cadence. Since you don’t have any obstacles to react to or changes in terrain on the treadmill, there’s nothing to interrupt your stride.

Benefits of running on a treadmill

You can train even if it rains

The tapes, being indoors, can be used regardless of the weather outside. What’s more, as long as the gym or training facility is open, you can train on a treadmill.

you run safely

Running on a treadmill allows you to run safely at any time.

improve joints

Tape may be a better option for runners with sensitive joints, Since it is designed to be able to carry out training with less impact than on outdoor surfaces, it is therefore fantastic for people with joint problems or not used to the impact force of running.

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